About the Project
Conﬂict Prevention, Peace and Economic Opportunities for Youth in Kenya is a project geared towards increasing peace and stability in Kenya by supporting youth to engage in economic activities. It focuses on providing livelihood skills and vocational training for youth in eight target counties and facilitate youth dialogues to examine issues aﬀecting them and relevant solutions.
Context: Kenya has an estimated population of 41.6 million people of this 46% live below the poverty line. The number of youth – individuals between the age of 18-35 is estimated at 51% of the population. It is estimated that 5 million out of the total youth population is unemployed – this translates to 1 in 5 youth of working age.
Kenya’s North-eastern and Coastal regions have lagged behind due to decades of deep-rooted issues and marginalization. The populace in these regions face various challenges ranging from historical injustices to limited educational opportunities -which has contributed to poor performance in national examinations, limited employment opportunities, -especially for the youth, as well as high levels of insecurity and crime.
While unemployment remains a global issue, if not addressed the youth in the affected regions could become soft targets for recruitment into gangs and terror groups. Conflict Prevention, Peace and Economic Opportunities for Youth is geared towards increasing peace and stability in Kenya by supporting youth to engage in economic activities.
Mid Project Achievements
Geographical Areas\Project Areas: Garissa, Mandera, Wajir, Mombasa, Lamu, Kilifi, Tana River and Kwale County.
Beneficiaries: Youth (18-34 Years)
Duration: 4 year (October 2016 to September 2020)
Budget: € 5,920,000
Donor: European Union Trust Fund (EUTF)
The rational of this project is based on the following:
- If the understanding of the underlying causes of conflict and violence and source of resilience is strengthened, interventions will be better adjusted to address conflict links.
- If young people are given inclusive access to better vocational education opportunities, which lead to decent jobs and livelihoods, the grievances will decline and better economic opportunities will be created.
If key actor attitudes change to favour peaceful and political solutions to grievances and recognize the importance of working together to improve Kenya’s security, then there will be a reduction violence and conflict
Result 1: Enhance the understanding of the causes of conflict through analysis of the underlying drivers of conflict, the effects of grievances and needs on youth, or the social-economical composition of marginalised groups; the conducting of market assessments on livelihood options, market demand and access to certain jobs; the dissemination of evidence generated, collected and analysed to stakeholders to inform policy and interventions.
Result 2: Greater number of youth entering the job market both in formal and informal sectors. A total of 4500 youths targeted. Demand and competency-based practical trainings in selected technical and vocational areas will be undertaken based on market needs and identified skill gaps. Awareness creation and career guidance and counseling to increase the employability of youth will be undertaken.
Result 3: Conflict management: targeted youth (4000) and security actors (240) in marginalized areas will learn conflict management skills to better equip them in addressing and dealing with frustrations and grievances. Focus will be placed on options available to the youth in the engagement with stakeholders, while continuous support will be provided in the form of guidance and livelihood support.
Percentage of youth who feel safe in intervention areas
The community has the solutions to most of challenges facing them, what they need is guidance and support. KRCS will walk with the community through the entire process of identifying these challenges and resolving them. We shall do so by strengthening the capacity of the community to identify, address and prevent challenges that face them.
Therefore, to address Conflict, promoting positive coexistence and peace building, we believe:-
- That the community (families) has the solutions to the challenges facing them
- In working with the community (families) in identification of the drivers and pull factors of Conflict
- That addressing the root causes/drivers of conflict will translate into more sustainable gains.
- In being part of the community and working with the community to come up with strategies (evidence driven soft Interventions) to address the drivers/Pull factors.
- That gender dynamics are particularly important when dealing with conflicts and building peace in the society
- In using Disaster Risk Reduction and resilience building approaches in addressing the root causes/drivers of conflict.
- In the power of collaboration, partnership, coordination and networking (CPCN)
- In continuous adapting ourselves to the continuous changes and learning on conflict prevention and peace building.
Our Guiding Principles for effective and efficient roll out of Conflict Prevention, Peace Building and CVE programmes
- Evidence Based Interventions: So as to maximize on impact, the KRCS Conflict Prevention, Peace building and CVE projects/programmes will be based on evidence. Considering that conflicts are dynamic and keep on changing, Conflict prevention, Peace building and CVE projects/Programmes will invest in research and continuous learning.
- Alignment to National and County Strategies including National and County Counter and Prevention of Violence Extremism Strategies and Action Plans: All conflict prevention and CVE projects will be aligned to International, National and County strategies. Being auxiliary to both the National and County governments, our projects will complement county and national initiatives.
- Alignment to Red Cross/Crescent Movement Principles: The principles that guide the Red Cross/Crescent movement will be the guiding pillars in the designing and implementation of conflict prevention, peace building and CVE projects. Therefore, in line with ‘Do No Harm,’ principle, the following principles will be reflected in such KRCS initiatives:-
- Neutrality and
- Community Participation and Engagement: Actions will be designed by and implemented together with the community affected by conflicts.
- Connecting C/PVE to Peace building: The ultimate goal of conflict prevention and/or CVE is peace building. Actions designed will show a clear linkage with sustainable Peace Building Initiatives
- Partnership and Coordination: KRCS recognizes the importance of partnership and coordination as a way of addressing conflict and building peace. KRCS will work with like - minded partners to push forward the agenda of conflict prevention, CVE and Peace Building. Thus, KRCS will partner with community members, local leaders, Religious leaders, Institutions of higher learning, Media, local NGOs, CBOs and FBOs, both County and National Governments and International Partners.
- ‘Leaving No One Behind’ – Gender, Age and other Social inclusion integration: KRCS recognizes that conflicts affect different genders and age differently. Secondly specific genders and age groups have unique roles that they play to address conflict and/or violent extremism. Conflict Prevention and Peace building projects will be designed to include the Youth, Women, Men and Persons with Special needs. In particular, the Red Cross/Crescent movement recognizes Youths as The Agents of Change (YAC) in conflict prevention and peace building.
Youth Groups formed and provided with various support
Activity: Operational Research (OR) on underlying causes of conflict of Violent Extremism (VE) in nature
Sub Activities: Undertaking OR; Dissemination of the OR findings; Undertaking advocacy to ensure uptake of the findings by different stakeholders and government institutions.
Activity: Market Assessment (survey) to guide in identification of viable VET courses and Business Opportunities that the youth can be linked to
Sub Activities: Undertaking Market Assessment; Dissemination of findings; Supporting VET centres to adopt courses that are market driven; Supporting youth to adopt SMEs and livelihood initiatives that are market driven
Activity: Vocational Education Training (VET) for the hard to reach and highly marginalized and vulnerable youth in the society.
Sub Activity: Identification of the hard to reach and most marginalized and vulnerable youth in project sites using the identification criteria developed; Screening youth for vulnerability so as to ensure only youth who are highly vulnerable to conflicts are prioritized; Linking youth to VET centres; Payment of youth’s upkeep and training/Examination cost in the VET centres; Holding Career Counselling Sessions; Holding Career Clinics for the youth; Linking youth to placement (internship, attachment and/or employment (safe or waged); Continuous support of youth who have completed training by establishing mentorship clubs.
Activity: Training of youth and Security actors on Community Conflict Resolution (CCR) mechanism and International Humanitarian Law (IHL)
Sub Activity: Training of youth and security actors; Development of locally appropriate CCR mechanism; Development of youth/security actors Conflict Prevention engagement plan
Activity: Livelihood Promotion and supporting youth to establish Small and Medium Enterprises (SME).
Sub Activity: Establishing Youth Groups (YG) from among the vulnerable youth; Support the YG to get registered with the relevant government ministries/institutions; Training YGs on Group Management and Conflict Management; Training YGs on Business Planning and Management, Entrepreneurship, Financial literacy, Communication Skills etc; Guided by the Market Assessment, supporting the youth to develop market driven Business Plans; Training YGs on the identified Business Ideas; Provision of Start Up Kitty (SUK) for the business/livelihood idea; Continuous monitoring of the established businesses and livelihood; Support YGs to establish Group Savings and Loans Association; Linking YGs to Microfinance Institutions (MFIs) to access additional training and financial support; Linking youth to Markets for their products and services
Activity: Youth Dialogues.
Sub Activity: Undertaking youth dialogues between youth and youth; Dialogues between Community (Parents) and the youth; Dialogues between Security Actors and the Youth; Dialogues between the Community, the youth and the Security Actors; Undertake Sporting activities between youth and youth, youth and Security Apparatus; Undertake joint activities such as Environmental Conservation Activities between youth and youth, youth and security apparatus, youth and the community.
Activity: Communication and awareness creation.
Sub Activity: Support visibility of the project; Undertake Preventive Communication (PC); Integrating Youth for Youth Peace Van
Vocational Education and Training
Security Actors trained on Community Conflict Resolution and International Humanitarian Law (IHL)
Youth Peace Ambassadors trained on Community Conflict Resolution and Accountability to Communities (AtC)
Community members (youth and community members) reached with Conflict Prevention Messages through Dialogue