Shelter Reconstruction For Families That Were Affected By Floods
The shelter reconstruction process for families that had been displaced by floods has started in earnest in 25 counties worst affected by the 2018 long rains.
The shelter reconstruction process for families that had been displaced by floods has started in earnest in 25 counties worst affected by the 2018 long rains. Parts of the country experienced heavy rainfall and flooding between March – July 2018 leading to massive destruction of shelter, displacements and destruction of livelihoods.
Following the successful launch of a Floods Appeal and donation of Ksh. 1 billion from the central government towards reconstruction activities, the Kenya Red Cross Society conducted assessments and mapped out the affected shelters in the 25 counties. The process was based on their vulnerability as some areas reported total destruction of shelter.
Guided by the assessment, approximately 6,692 shelters were found to be most vulnerable and in urgent need of reconstruction. The reconstruction process, therefore, targets approximately 40,152 Kenyans majority being in Kilifi and Tana River counties.
Other counties that have been targeted include: Turkana, Lamu, Garissa, Muranga, Baringo, Taita, Kajiado. Narok, Kirinyaga, Makueni, Nyeri, Kitui, Homabay, Migori, Tharaka Nithi, Nandi, Meru, Busia, Siaya, Isiolo, Marsabit and Samburu.
The shelter reconstruction adopted the Participatory Approach for Safe Shelter Awareness (PASSA), which encourages active community participation in the reconstruction process. Communities were trained in PASSA and thereafter PASSA groups formed in the 25 counties. Additionally, County Steering Group (CSG) composing of central and county governments, KRCS and other stakeholders were put in place to oversee implementation within the target counties.
The PASSA meetings led to the joint development of shelter designs, a community driven process that was guided by culture, terrain, availability of materials and the need for a resilience to common hazards.
The shelter reconstruction will soon be rolled out in Kilifi, Makueni, Kitui and Kisumu counties, and thereafter to the remaining counties. In Kilifi, model houses have already been built as approved by the community members and the CSG.
Other interventions are in health system strengthening, as well as water supply, sanitation and hygiene.
A total of 489 Water Supply Sites that were affected by the floods have been mapped in 26 counties. Of these sites, 450 were for community water supply systems while 39 sites cover irrigation sites. Another 34 community water supply sites have been assessed and will be activated for repair once funds are available, among them the Solai water supply. The projects are poised to serve about 150,000 people.
Community health systems strengthening is further ongoing in Tharaka Nithi and Bomet counties, meant to strengthen primary health care systems that were weakened during the floods. It also strives to prevent disease outbreaks – building a platform for universal health coverage in these counties, which had active outbreaks of cholera and are categorized as at risk of Rift Valley Fever outbreaks.
The initiative targets approximately 1 million Kenyans: 730,129 people in Bomet and 365,330 people in Tharaka Nithi. Community Health Units will be set up; 100 in Tharaka Nithi and 160 in Bomet Counties and linked to 260 health facilities. This will be combined with other integrated health outreaches across counties that faced health related risks as a result of the floods.